What Is Medium Base Paint?

Randy Charles
Randy Charles
Professional Painter

Hi, I’m Randy Charles, the creator and chief editor of this site Paintcentric. I’m a businessman now by profession, but I used to work as...Read more

Having a home of yours is indeed the realization of your foremost American dream. However, one thing you can’t afford to miss out on is the decoration of your home. Undoubtedly, whenever it comes to home decoration, especially concerning the interior spaces, you need the right medium paint to have your desired effects. But you can’t do but ask yourself what does medium paint mean?

From the name, it can be inferred that this paint lies between dark and light. It is a vibrant and rich paint that is easy to maintain. Although there have been several concerns about the suitability of this paint for various rooms in the home including the bathroom, kitchen, and living room, it goes without saying that it gives the most eye-catching appearance.

For everything you want to know about medium paint, this comprehensive guide will put you through. If you are eager enough, you won’t mind reading to the last full stop.

What Exactly Is Medium Base Painting?

Medium base painting is the painting of slightly dark shades.  This is a painting of dark tones that will not produce light tones regardless of the number of colorants added. Medium base is a base paint you can use to get a shade between lighter and darker hues.  Hence, paint stores can’t have every paint colour. But, thanks to base paints you can have your favourite colours of paint mixed.

What Is Medium Base Paint

Medium base is a base paint you can use to get a shade between lighter and darker hues. Do you have a remodelling or repainting project as a new painter? You can use medium base paint to get amazing dark shades. In this piece, we would explore the medium base paint world. Just like an expert, you will be able to tell when and how to use Medium Base.

What Does Medium Base Paint Mean?

Base paints are used for mixing colours. The medium base paint is used for dark tones. It has a reduced amount of titanium dioxide (TiO2). Medium base paint gives you darker tones and colours. This is because of the less quantity of white pigment. Medium base painting gives less opaque coverage hence, mixing colorants with medium base paint will give you not too dark colours.

Medium base paints are composed of a combination of oil and acrylic with pigments to get an amazing hue. These two forms are the major features of medium base paint. You can use medium based paint on any existing surface. It will adhere properly to the surface. Medium base paint also provides an excellent outcome when used for painting woodwork.

Medium base paint just like other paint bases can be used for the colour mixing process. By adding colorants to the medium base you will get your desired dark colour. Medium base paint has less white pigmentation.

You can get solid colours from a medium base because of the low percentage of titanium dioxide. With this base, you will get a shade in between dark and light. This means that medium base paint gives you colour not too dark and not too light.

What Is Base Paint?

The base paint is not a complete paint yet. It needs to be tinted with colorant. It is a foundation used to create coloured paints using colorants. Base paint makes the paint opaque, firmer, elastic, and prevents cracks. A base paint contains white pigment as a result of the quantity of titanium dioxide. A base paint is different from a primer. Unlike the primer, base paint is not used as a base coat.

What Is Base Paint

Base paint forms a major part in creating the body of paint. Base paints are specially designed for combining colours. A base paint is a vital component of ordinary paint. The base paint is the starting point of the work to create a particular colour of the tint. Before you can use a base paint, a colorant needs to be added to it. This gives you your preferred solid tint.

Base paints are labelled in two ways by producers. First, some are displayed as Base 1, Base 2, Base 3, and Base 4. Second, some other producers label it as clear base, medium base, and deep base paint. The labelling of base paint is a result of the level of white pigment it contains. Thus, base paint is used for mixing colours to give you your desired shades.

How to Use Medium Base Paint?

Medium base paints are used for mixing colours that are in between dark and light. This base has a low percentage level of white pigmentation. You use medium base paint by tinting, which means by adding saturated pigment like colorant. Medium base paint can be easily tinted to get your desired hue. Due to this, medium base paint can be tinted to get a vibrant colour that is too light or too dark.

How to Use Medium Base Paint

Medium base paint creates colours that are a bit darker than the results of the light base. The medium base also helps to determine how firm, opaque and resistant a paint is to stains. Thus, to use medium base paint, you need to add the colorant. After that, you can use it to paint on any surface or previously painted surface.

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What Is Medium Base Paint Used for?

The medium base paint is used for mixing colours. This base paint produces a colour that is not very dark or very light. This is because of the fair amount of white pigment it contains. A medium base is used to get paint colours that are in between light and dark. The medium base paint can be tinted to get assorted medium colours that are neither light nor dark.

What Is Medium Base Paint Used for

The medium base paint is mostly used for painting walls and woodworks. This base paint have a high level of resilience to stains and cracks. The medium base paint is oil-soluble and water-soluble. It can be mixed with oil-based paints and watercolour paints.

Medium base gives you vivid colours that are in between light and dark. As mentioned earlier, medium base paint can be used to paint walls, woodwork, bathrooms and any other previously painted surface.

What Does It Mean to Tint Paint?

A tint is a pigment used in the colour mixing process to enhance the shade. Tinting is the process of adding colorant to base paint to get excellent colour. Colorants are saturated pigments in a variety of colours that can be added to the base paint. Adding a little amount of colorant to base paint makes a great significance. This is because colorant is a concentrated paint pigment.

What Does It Mean to Tint Paint

Tinting can be done automatically, using a machine or manually. No doubt, machines can be used to tint base paints. These machines add a measured amount of colorants to produce amazing colour.

However, paint tinting can also be done manually. This means that you can tint your paint on your own without the use of machine. This involves mixing two ordinary paints. In this process, you don’t need base paint. Regardless, it is better to always tint your paint in a paint store automatically and not manually. This makes the tinting process easy.

Can I Use Medium Base Paint without Tinting?

Without a doubt, you can use medium base paint without tinting or without adding colorant. However, you will not achieve an excellent result. Whenever you use untainted base to paint it will not give you your expected hue. Adding colorant to medium base paint brings out your desired colour and perfect result when used.

Can I Use Medium Base Paint without Tinting

Technically, if you are painting over a darker toned wall, you cannot use an untainted medium base paint. This is because the shade underneath might bleed and the outcome will be bad. Hence, whenever you want to use medium base paint, it needs additional colorants. Whether you are painting over a dark wall or light coloured wall.

Whenever you use an untainted medium based paint, it is very difficult to get your preferred hue and it gives a disastrous outcome. Also, when you used an untainted medium base paint over a previously painted surface, it might cause colour bleeding making the result a mess and patchy. Hence, it is better that you should add colorants to medium base paint to get your desired hue to get the perfect paint outcome.

Final Thoughts

A medium base is used for mixing colours that are not too light or too dark. When used, it gives amazing coverage to the surface. Adding colorants to medium based paints gives you vivid colours. This base paint is a wise option for your wall painting job. As a new painter after going through this piece, what does medium base paint mean should be a question of the past.

Randy Charles
Randy CharlesProfessional Painter

Hi, I’m Randy Charles, the creator and chief editor of this site Paintcentric. I’m a businessman now by profession, but I used to work as a painter earlier in my professional career. There is simply nothing about painting that I didn’t do as a painter. From painting a fridge to a multi-storied building, I left nothing. I retired from my painting job in the mid of 2018 due to back arthritis problems.

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