Deep Base Vs Medium Base Paint – Know the Differences!

Randy Charles
Randy Charles
Professional Painter

Hi, I’m Randy Charles, the creator and chief editor of this site Paintcentric. I’m a businessman now by profession, but I used to work as...Read more

Paints are generally chemical compounds used today for various purposes in different niches such as art, real estate, engineering, etc. These chemical products come in different forms and are used for preservation, beautification, design etc. Today we’d be looking at deep base vs medium base paint.

Many people usually make a common error when they confuse medium base paint with deep base paint even though they are significantly different. Even though it doesn’t take a genius to tell the differences quickly, a fair amount of basic knowledge is required to tell these two unique forms of paint apart. In this piece, we will go over that elaborately. Keep reading.

Deep Base Vs Medium Base Paint: Which One Is Better?

Deep base and Medium base paints share significant disparities; however, when it comes to which paint is the better one, it all boils down to user preferences, the project in view, and other factors that may come into play during paint selection. Below is a contrast of both deep base paint and medium base paint characteristics.

Deep Base Vs Medium Base Paint

Medium Based Paints Deep Based Paints
Creates a color between light and dark Produces a darker color of paint
Contains more white base than deep base paints but lesser than plain white paints Contains even lesser (if any) amounts of white base pigments
The amount of white base pigments present in medium base paints enable it to reach the desired level of saturation needed The amount of white base pigments present in deep base paint enable it to be tinted to match very dark, vibrant colors
Fairly durable and resistant to stain. It is usually resilient to friction and can hold up under the scrubbing needed to remove any dirt or stains.
More opaque due to the amount of titanium oxide present in medium base paints Less opaque because deep base paints contain lesser amounts of titanium oxide

Before we continue, let’s take a quick study to know more about paints. The various forms of paint reflect their functions: industrial paint —used for industrial coating and preservation of industrial materials, decorative paints —used for decoration and protection of buildings and art paint —water color, acrylics, and oil paint used for creating artworks.

This article examines decorative paint used for decorating and preserving buildings. This type of paint is further segmented into accent, light, medium, deep and extra deep base paints. For reading purposes, it is crucial to understand that paints are chemical products and contain chemical compounds that may develop allergic reactions in certain individuals, so it is advisable to use necessary protective equipments when handling these products. With that being said, happy reading!

About Deep Base Paint

What Is A Deep Base Paint?

Deep base paints are generally paints with little to no amount of white or lighter fragments that help them effectively portray their true tones and shades. When we talk about deep or medium bases of paint, the base refers to the colors that the paint is tinted with. Deep base and ultra-deep base paints are built on darker colors and tones. As a result, the deeper the foundation of paint utilized, the darker the hue.

What Is A Deep Base Paint

The minute amount or quantity of white pigment in deep base paint permits it to take more colorant and produce deeper colors when it is tinted. It dries transparent without colourant and provides little to no coverage.

Related ReadWhat Paint Color Goes with Uba Tuba Granite?

What Is Deep Base Paints Used For?

It is prudent to classify deep base paints based on the type of colors that deep base paints usually are. However, like any other form of paint, the painter or user reserves the discretion to utilize deep base paints in whatever way they deem fit. Because there are fewer white pigments than white bases, the most luxurious colours such as black, brown, burgundy, navy blue, dark green, copper, and others can be achieved.

However, based on these shades of colours they exude, deep based paints are usually used in a closed environment where the user wants to achieve a darker and vibrant ambience. This could range from bedrooms, studios, dens, cinemas etc. Since deep base paints create darker shades, it is important to note that deep base paints depend solely on the user/painter and what they want to achieve.

What Is Deep Base Paints Used For

Deep Base Paints Price List

Depending on the location and current market demand, extra deep base painting usually costs around $15 – $20 per litre.

When To Use Deep Base Paint

Deep base paints can be used across many settings to provide a dark and colorful environment. Because of the little white fragments present in deep base paints, it is usually a go-to choice when looking to achieve burgundy and mild ambiences.

This type of painting design is required for libraries, bedrooms, but it is not limited to these settings. Painters or homeowners can quickly require this burgundy ambience for various other places.

About Medium Base Paint

As explained earlier, when it comes to paint bases, classifications such as deep, accent, extra deep, medium, and light refer to the different colors the paint is tinted with. However, this is not the unique difference between these variations of paint.

Each of these paints can have a fixed quantity of bases when it comes down to it. Still, the differences between them that allow one to be a medium base and another to be an extra deep base depend on the amount of titanium white present in the base. Usually, when the paint is produced, it gives off the desired color with the base alone. However, this color would be mostly thin, unreflective of light and would not coat as properly as it should.

This might be a good feature when trying to achieve most colors or a certain type of painting. There are, however, specific shades of paint and paint types required for most paints as of today, and it is the titanium white —though in varying quantity that helps to achieve this efficiently.

Generally, depending on the type of paint that has to be achieved —medium base, deep base etc., the finely ground space metal —titanium is added to these various bases. The base paint into which the pigment is mixed is different to allow the final colour to be possible.

What Is A Medium Base Paint?

Based on the explanation above, it is now easy to understand medium base paint. This type of paint is generally light due to the titanium white pigments present in the base and is used to achieve bright and medium between light and dark colors.

What Is A Medium Base Paint

That being said, medium base paints, like the name implies, generally have a medium amount of white pigments present in them. It is not more than the base to maintain their color still and not significantly lesser than the base to give the base color a lighter and brighter look. It is safe to say that the amount of titanium white pigments present in medium base paints is adequate.

Medium base paints should not be confused with a neutral base or white, but they are considered in the middle between light and dark. They are paints commonly used in homes, businesses, and the like.

What Is A Medium Base Paint Used For?

Typically, paints of brighter colors are usually used in open areas such as kitchen spaces, living rooms, building walls, and bedrooms. However, it all boils down to what the homeowner or painter plans to achieve because this is a major factor that affects paints selection in the first place.

Since medium base paint has more white pigment and lighter tones, It’s fair to say that most house paints are medium base as they tend to be lighter colors. But, this does not rule out the use of deep base in houses, and it’s just not as used that often.

If you wanted to paint a room with light paint, you would probably choose medium base paint with white pigment. Likewise, if you wanted to paint a room with dark paint, you would probably choose deep base paint as it has more white pigment. Most people prefer to use medium base paint for kitchens and bathrooms because spots and stains can easily be seen.

What Is A Medium Base Paint Used For

Medium Base Paint Price List

It is important to note that the major factor affecting the price of paint is the amount of titanium dioxide present. The varying amount of titanium oxide present in paint helps one determine how much the paint can conceal the surface underneath and how light or dark the paint shade will be.

That said, medium base paints cost around $60 for about 5 litres. This price may vary based on location, market demand and a host of other factors.

When To Use Medium Base Paints?

As explained earlier, medium base paints can be used in open areas such as kitchens, bathrooms, living rooms, building walls and bedrooms. Generally, this is because medium base paints are brightly colored and help in these spaces in various functions such as spotting stains for cleaning, improving environmental ambience etc.

Medium base paints are also used to generally improve the outlook of a room, space or building. Pale colors usually look like they are moving away from you —a receding illusion. Therefore when you use lighter colors for your floor and walls, your areas and spaces similarly tend to appear larger than they are.

What to Choose Between Deep Base And Medium Base?

Now that you know the differences between deep base and medium base paint, which is best for your needs? That will largely depend on the color of paint and the amount of maintenance you are willing to do, like the lighter the base, the less resistant it is to dirt and stains.

What to Choose Between Deep Base And Medium Base

This means that surfaces painted with brother colored paints, since they are more susceptible to stains and spots, will require consistent cleaning to maintain surface beauty and the paint’s durability.

You should start with where the project will take place and the amount of coverage needed. Keep in mind that you can use base paint that does not have tint, and there is nothing wrong with it. This means that the paint lacks a tint that conveys the various tones of different colors. These will still contain neutral pigments and can be used as white base paint, although it is not popular as paint that includes tinting.


Knowing the constituents of deep base vs medium base paint makes it easier to make worthwhile decisions regarding the choice of paint for your project.

Randy Charles
Randy CharlesProfessional Painter

Hi, I’m Randy Charles, the creator and chief editor of this site Paintcentric. I’m a businessman now by profession, but I used to work as a painter earlier in my professional career. There is simply nothing about painting that I didn’t do as a painter. From painting a fridge to a multi-storied building, I left nothing. I retired from my painting job in the mid of 2018 due to back arthritis problems.

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